Synthetic biology is a promising new discipline with many potential applications for cell biology, microbiology, biochemistry, and many other related fields. There are four main aspects of synthetic biology: studying cellular networks, redesigning genetic pathways for gene-to-protein expression, acquiring novel green material and fueling substance, and providing a simple environment without interference for inserting function modules.

Synthetic biology has a great deal of potential in designing more effective vaccines and drugs, enhancing drug efficacy, utilizing renewable energy sources to produce sustainable energy, curbing environmental pollution via biological means, and building sensors that are able to detect poisonous chemical substances. Synthetic biology has a lot of potential to revolutionize information storage by using synthetic DNA to encode large quantities of data.

In addition to its role in medicine, synthetic biology also helps the development of biological fuel and agriculture technology. Synthetic biology combines biology with engineering concepts, redesigning existing biological systems and adding new biological modules and machines to it, creating artificial life systems not found in nature.

As various technologies for synthetic biology continue to mature and develop, the applications of synthetic biology will expand to even broader fields, playing a crucial role in solving various problems related to energy, environment, medicine, and drug design for mankind.