PCR cloning and subcloning technology, first developed in the 1970s, is now a staple in every molecular biology lab in the world. Cloning allows researchers to much more easily understand gene function at a deeper level, and greatly facilitates gene editing. PCR cloning and subcloning technology is not only revolutionary for the field of biology, but has profound implications on fields like agriculture, industry, and medicine as well.

PCR cloning technology

PCR cloning technology is similar to natural DNA replication, and contains three basic reaction steps: modification-annealing-extension. We can obtain a desired target gene sequence with appropriate primer design. PCR can then be used to amplify this gene sequence, preparing it for use in cloning.

Subcloning technology

In molecular cloning, target DNA is assembled into a vector plasmid through restriction enzymes and screening. In subcloning, a gene of interest is transferred from one vector to another. Both processes consist of several key steps, such as screening of the target fragment, cloning vector preparation, transformation/transduction of the product into cells, and screening for cells containing recombinant plasmids.

Both PCR cloning and subcloning technology can insert a target gene into a plasmid of choice in vitro through recombinant technology. The main forms of target gene transfer into a plasmid are transformation and transduction. This allows researchers to have an enormous amount of customization available to them when trying to study a gene of interest, making cloning and sub-cloning two extremely powerful tools in a molecular biologist’s arsenal.

With our proprietary Syno® 2.0 gene synthesis platform, Synbio Technologies can provide one-step services for gene synthesis, vector construction, PCR cloning, and subcloning. Customers only need to offer the sequence information, and we can help design amplification primers and clone the PCR products to the specific sites of the new plasmid. We also provide sequencing services in order to confirm that the correct product was accurately synthesized.